Criminal Justice System Overview
There are many misconceptions as it relates to the criminal justice system. Movies and television shows make it appear that executing an arrest and prosecuting an individual is easy. In reality, the criminal justice system, rules of the Court, and the law itself is constantly changing. To successfully navigate the system, it is imperative to contact an experienced criminal defense attorney immediately. The attorneys at The Law Office of Steven R. Adams will work to defend your rights and protect your interests during this stressful ordeal.
How Does a Case Flow Through The System?
Constituntional Protections and Government Control
Due process of law, as guaranteed by the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution of the United States of America, prevents the government from unfairly depriving individuals of the basic rights to life, liberty, and property. Due process of law ensures fairness in criminal proceedings. It is crucial to choose a criminal defense attorney who understands this process and will work to make sure your constitutional rights are protected.
The federal government, through the Constitution, afforded all individuals numerous rights in criminal proceedings. Click here to read language from the Bill of Rights.
Felonies and Misdemeanors
Black’s Law Dictionary defines a crime as “an act that the law punishes or a breach of a legal duty treated as the subject matter of a criminal proceeding.” Criminal offenses are classified into different levels based on the seriousness of the crime. The major difference in classification is the amount of jail or prison time associated with the punishment for the crime. Felonies are considered more serious offenses and are punishable by six months or longer in prison. Misdemeanors are punishable by up to six months in a local jail, with the exception of OVI or DUI multiple offenders. Felonies and misdemeanors are further broken down into different degrees within each category.
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