The terms probation and parole are two different concepts based on the same idea, an offender is not confined to a correctional facility. Below, we have outlined the difference between the two.
Probation is also referred to as “community control” in the state of Ohio. It’s an option that Judges have when they sentence someone. Rather than the person going to jail, they are sentenced to probation. Usually probation is used in cases involving misdemeanors or first time, non-violent offenders. If a defendant is sentenced to probation, they could be required to do a drug test, pay several fines and court costs, conduct community service, counseling and more. They must refrain from criminal activity as well. If these requirements are abused, the defendant could go to jail or receive a longer probation. If the probation is completed successfully, the case is terminated.
Parole is also referred to as “post release control” in the state of Ohio. It happens once a defendant has already served some time in a correctional facility and requests an early release dependent upon certain conditions that must be met in order for them to stay out of prison. If these conditions aren’t followed, the defendant could go back to prison. Just like probation, if the terms of parole are completed successfully, the case is terminated.